Programme Santé


Dairy farmers from 5 countries in West Africa and Chad

Friday 1  st   June 2018, International Day of Milk, Producers of Milk, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Chad, along with a broad coalition of peasant organizations, consumers, researchers, NGOs, mini-dairies, local manufacturers, launch a campaign to defend and promote local milk.

For the first time, these actors come together to assert together:

  • the key role of local milk in the food and nutrition security of the Sahel region,
  • the huge economic potential of dairy chains based on local milk collection.

48 million pastoralist and agro-pastoralist families in West Africa derived from a large share of their income from livestock farming, including local milk production and processing. Economic and political challenges, including the unfair competition of 500 billion CFA francs of imported annual imported milk powder.

This local milk promotion campaign aims to raise awareness of informed and responsible consumption. Consumers are looking for what they are and who benefits from the financial spinoffs.

 »   We call on the general population, families and households in particular, to increase their consumption of quality milk products. » This action will not only contribute to the promotion and strengthening of national production as well as the establishment of wealth and jobs in rural areas, Especially for women and young people.   « Explains Ms. Garriko, a milk producer and processor in the peri-urban area of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

In fact, in addition to the social mobilization around local milk and the approach to responsible consumption, producers, actors and actresses are strongly advocating with governments and institutions to:

  • improving access to livestock feed, in relation to production issues;
  • the increase in the percentage of milk from family farms in the dairy industry, in relation to the stakes of collection;
  • the implementation of a favorable commercial and tax policy for local milk from family farms, in order to ensure favorable milk prices for the development of local sectors.

The local milk industry represents a great potential for development in the areas in which the producers operate. Cow’s milk accounts for between 20 and 40% of livestock income in Sahelian countries. [1]

In West Africa, pastoralism and agropastoralism sustain and generate income and food security for more than 48 million pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. [2] The local dairy industry directly provides employment and income for a wide range of stakeholders: dairy farmers and employees, raw milk collectors, dairy sellers, input and service suppliers. Local milk accounts for a significant portion of consumption in Sahelian countries, particularly in rural areas and secondary cities. The sector also helps to fight against gender inequalities as it provides women with income to live more dignified lives.

Despite its significant contribution to the economies of West African countries and Chad, the local milk sector faces enormous challenges (livestock feed, collection, competition from milk powder, etc.). Less than 15% of local milk is collected while imports of milk powder (with a large and growing proportion of fattened milk powder from vegetable fat) are estimated at more than 500 billion CFA francs in 2015 [3] and between 30% and 40% between 2015 and 2025. [4]

As West African States Work on a Milk Offensive under the ECOWAS Regional Agricultural Investment Plan (ECOWAP’s PRIASAN), Important Negotiations on Trade Agreements Approach (CET) [5], renegotiation of the Cotonou Agreements, EPAs [6] …) and that multinational dairy groups, largely European, make significant investments on the African continent, milk producers and the broad coalition that accompanies them. , so take this opportunity to assert their demands and needs.

Their advocacy is also aimed at improving access to finance, valuing and recognizing the role and place of women in the local milk sector and optimizing the governance of the sector.

West African milk producers also benefit from the support of producers in Europe. These, in the face of European dairy policies, join forces with milk producers in West Africa and Chad because of the political choices on which the survival of small farms in Europe depends also on consequences in Africa. Where is.

Family farmers from both continents are victims of an economic model that favors agribusiness giants at the expense of local people and sustainable and responsible production.

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